In this day and age there are approximately 2.7 billion people who live on less than $2,- a day, 1.1 billion who live on less than $1,- a day and 18 million people die each year due to poverty-related causes. Back in 2006 almost 1.1 billion people around the world had a lack of safe drinking water, while water pollution killed almost 1.8 million people in the same year.
In the meantime, statistics show that in 2011 the world’s military budget reached a staggering and almost unimaginable amount of $2,157,172,000,000 dollars. The fact that this money is being spent on military issues instead of helping those millions of people in need is heart breaking.
Unfortunately these are not just numbers and statistics, these are real fellow humans we’re talking about and we believe it’s important to do our best and help those in need.
Third world countries
Most of the world poverty is happening in third world countries. But what are third world countries exactly? The term ‘third world’ arose during the time of the Cold War where it defined countries that were either part of the NATO (USA, Western Europe) or the Communist Bloc (Russia – then USSR – People’s republic of China and Cuba). The NATO was hereby considered to be ‘the first world’, the communist bloc was ‘the second world’ and all other countries were ‘third world countries’.
This way of addressing the world’s countries provided a broad – though inaccurate and sometimes even cruel – way of categorizing nations based on social, political and economic divisions.
Throughout the years there have been many changes in context and definition of the term ‘third world’. Many countries which were referred to as ‘third world countries’ during the Cold War happened to be extremely poor and non-industrialized, which in turn led to the generalization of the term ‘third world’ for many poor countries.
Today the term third world is used less often; instead the more neutral and respectful term ‘developing country’ has taken over its role. Developing countries are nations considered ‘poor’ and less developed than so called ‘developed’ countries such as many of the Western Europe countries, the USA and Japan.
Most of the world’s poverty can be found in these ‘developing countries’. The video below shows a simple but accurate comparison between ‘developed’ and ‘developing’ countries around the world. Credits go to YouTube user Farihashakeel for making this nice video: